REAL JUNK SCIENCE

A scientific approach on law.

7 Legal Terms Everyone Should Know

“The minute you read something that you can’t understand, you can almost be sure that it was drawn up by a lawyer. ”  ― Will Rogers

We all know law is complicated and to make it more complex, there are some legal terms that are hard to figure out. Lawyers studied years to master passages of law and for non-lawyers, it’s all just a blur.

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Well, one thing that we could do though is to learn some basic legal terms that could somehow make your more knowledgeable about legal people are talking about. Here are 7 legal terms that everyone should know:

Credibility

Credibility is defined as the ability to appear trustworthy and believable when you’re trying to tell your side of the story. It’s really important in any type of lawsuit especially when two sides are telling different stories.

 

Discovery

Discovery is the process where both sides file some certain papers requesting the other side to provide information related to the case. Requests should be fulfilled within 30 days.

 

Damages

Damages directly translate to the amount of money that a client recovers in a lawsuit. It can be specified into different categories such as economic damages(e.g lost profit) and non-economic damages (e.g. emotional distress).

 

Plaintiff

This refers to the person who filed the lawsuit, seeking to recover damages for a wrongdoing done by a defendant. Sometimes, they refer it also as the claimant.

 

Defendant

This refers to the person who is defending himself/herself in a lawsuit. Most of the time, we define the defendant as the person accused of wrongdoing.

Default

It’s a process where the court prevents a party from advancing claims because of the fact that the party failed to meet one of the requirements.

 

Testify

To testify means to provide a statement under oath. This is when credibility plays a major role in whether the testimony was believable or not.

 

 

 

Dawn of 2016: AI Lawyer

We are now entering into modern times and technology became more advanced than ever before. High technology machinery, equipment and devices which actually made our world more convenient than before.

However, how does modernization affect the complicated world of law? Let’s try to know more about the development of Artificial Intelligence in the legal field.

ROSS is the first AI Lawyer which was hired by One of the largest law firms in the U.S., BakerHostetler to help in its bankruptcy division. It was built by Watson, IBM’s cognitive computer. It can search through a lot of legal documents and monitor the law for changes that could affect a person’s case in order to save time for lawyers. The attorneys that had used it said there was an increase in efficiency and use of time.

This sounds really interesting to incorporate high technology in providing convenience in the modern world.

Aside from ROSS though, there is also an AI Lawyer in the U.K.

A chatbot, DoNotPay which has successfully challenged 160,000 parking tickets since its launch last year was programmed by a British teenager, Joshua Browder. It currently works in the UK and New York in the US. It asks a series of questions to determine the validity of a penalty notice. Aside from parking tickets, iIt also challenges complaints on delayed flights. Mr Browder was inspired to build the bot, after receiving “countless” parking tickets himself.

 

This is just the beginning of the effect of modernization in the world of the legal field. What more can we expect in the future.

 

To find out more about these two remarkable innovations, check out this video:

7 Eye-Opening Facts About Forensic Science

Law and forensic science really goes hand in hand especially in bringing light to to a legal matter. Forensic science makes it more easier for investigators to provide some evidence that could move a case forward.

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Everybody’s familiar about CSI and other crime shows that gives us a view of forensic science. But, real-life forensic science is quite different from its fictional version and here are some eye-opening facts that you probably didn’t know about forensic science:

Forensic Science wasn’t developed by scientists.

Even though the methods involved are scientific, forensic science was the brainchild of cops who relied on observation and common sense. The use of fingerprints to identify criminals led the start of forensic science.

Fingerprints are unique and complicated.

Fingerprints seem to be the most incriminating piece of evidence but matching can be difficult, even for forensic experts.

Bullets are tricky, too.

Together with fingerprints, ballistics  and bullet markings are not matched easily. Each gun barrel has its own unique grooves that acts as the identifying factor of the gun. Finding the matching pattern though becomes tricky and tedious.

DNA testing saves lives.

DNA testing has acquitted wrongfully-convicted individuals. Because of the advancement in DNA technology, innocent citizens can no finally be free from wrong accusations.

Teeth are reliable.

Dental records can really be helpful in cases where the victim is unrecognizable. Every individual has a unique dental imprint so, it’s really reliable.

Deleted computer files aren’t gone forever.

If you think that a deleted file can’t be rediscovered, think again. The file is simply hidden and still marked as data which can give a chance for forensic experts to find evidence from a computer.

Analysis isn’t a piece of cake.

We can see most crime shows last around 25 to 45 minutes and their forensic results are quickly done. That’s not the case in reality. Analysis can go on for days, even weeks to be sure in the accuracy of the results.